Important judgments on Cr.P.C Section 156(3)

Important judgments on Cr.P.C Section 156(3)

Important judgments on Cr.P.C Section 156(3)

  1. Police can investigate any cognizable offence and to submit charge sheet before competent court- Cr.P.C Section 156(2)- Satvinder Kaur Vs. State -Date of decision-Equivalent Citation- (1999) 8 SCC 728.
  2. It must also be shown that there existed a fraudulent and dishonest intention at the time of commission of the offence- Cr.P.C Section 156 (3) and IPC Section 420-Alpic Finance Ltd.vs P. Sadasivan and Anr.Date of decision -Equivalent Citation-AIR 2001 SC 1226.
  3. Kinds of order under Section 156(3) are (i) Initial Investigation,(ii) Further Investigation, (iii) Fresh or denovo or re-investigation- Cr.P.C Section 156(3) and 173 (8)- Vinay Tyagi Vs. Irshad Ali @ Deepak and Ors.Date of decision -Equivalent Citation- 2013 CriLJ 754 .
  4. Passing order of Section 156(3) or Search Warrant is not taking Cognizance (R.R. Chari etc followed ), Taking Cognizance on complaint means verification etc- Cr.P.C Section 156(3) and 190-Gopal Das Sindhi and Ors. Vs. The State of Assam and Anr.Date of decision -Equivalent Citation-1961CriLJ 39.
  5. Cognizance means not mere applying mind but for the purpose of proceeding under Section 200 and following provisions- Cr.P.C Section 156(3) and 200- Nirmaljit Singh Hoon Vs. The State of West Bengal -Equivalent Citation-AIR 1972 SC 2639.
  6. Magistrate has discretion to reject the prayer and direct for verification etc- Cr.P.C Section 156 (3) and 200-The State of Maharashtra-Equivalent Citation-2014 ALL MR(Cri) 1833
  7. No arrest in investigation of Section 202- Cr.P.C Section 156(3) and 202-Ramdev Food Products Private Limited Vs. State of Gujarat -Equivalent Citation-2015 (3) SCALE 622
  8. Accused shall be impleaded in a revision against order refusing Section 156- Cr.P.C Section 156(3) and 397-Raghu Raj Singh Rousha Vs. Shivam Sundaram Promoters -Equivalent Citation-(2009) 2 SCC 363
  9. Interference in revision should be in exceptional cases- Cr.P.C Section 156(3) and 398- Shivaji Vithalrao BhikaneVs. Chandrasen Jagdevrao Deshmuk -Equivalent Citation-2008 CriLJ 3761
  10. Magistrate can order Section 156(3) and after investigation he can file complaint- Cr.P.C Section 156(3), Section 195 and Section 341-Syed Muzaffaruddin Khan Mohd. Vs. Abdul Qadir Mohd. Abdul. -Equivalent Citation- 2012 Bom C R (Cri) 375.
  11. Direction by sessions judge for sending signature to the expert set aside- Cr.P.C Section 156(3) and Section 397-Shivaji Vithalrao Bhikane Vs. Chandrasen Jagdevrao Deshmukh- Equivalent Citation-2008 CriLJ 3761.
  12. Application can be treated as complaint-Cr.P.C Section 156(3)-U.P. HC- Chandrika Singh Vs. State of U.P -Equivalent Citation- 2007 CriLJ 3169.
  13. Application should be supported by affidavit- Cr.P.C Section 156(3)- Mrs Priyanka Srivastava & Anr. Vs. State of UP & Ors-Equivalent Citation- 2015 (96) SCC 287.
  14. Before the order complainant cannot be asked to call expert to prove forgery-Cr.P.C Section 156(3)-Shivaji Vithalrao Bhikane Vs. Chandrasen Jagdevrao Deshmukh- Equivalent Citation-2008 CriLJ 3761.
  15. Complainant should not be examined before order under this section- Cr.P.C Section 156(3)- Yousuf Vs. Smt. Afaq Jahan and Anr. Equivalent Citation-AIR 2006 SC 705.
  16. Mere direction to file charge sheet not illegal-Difference of Section 156(3) and Section 202 Cr.P.C-Cr.P.C Section 156(3)- Srinivas Gundluri and Ors.Vs. SEPCO-Equivalent Citation- (2010) 8 SCC 206.
  17. Direction to register counter FIR is valid- Cr.P.C Section 156(3)-Upkar Singh Vs. Ved Prakash and Ors.-Equivalent Citation-AIR 2004 SC 4320.
  18. Magistrate cannot direct the CBI investigation- Cr.P.C Section 156(3)- CENTRAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION THROUGH S.P., JAIPUR vs. State of Rajasthan & Anr. Date of decision 01.2001 -Equivalent Citation- AIR 2001 SC 668.
  19. Magistrate has discretion not to refer to police and to inquire himself into the application-Cr.P.C Section 156(3)-Sachin Raosaheb Jadhav Vs. State of Maharashtra– 24 February 2014- Cr WP No.1166/2013.
  20. Magistrate has discretion to send or not to send for investigation- Cr.P.C Section 156(3)- Sukhwasi son of Hulasi Vs. State of Uttar Pradesh -Equivalent Citation- 2008 Cri.L.J.472
  21. No cognizance on police report after first directing for inquiry- Section 156(3)- Nilesh Daulatrao Lakhani Vs. State of Maharashtra- Equivalent Citation-2014 (4) BomCR (Cri) 757 Cr.P.C
  22. No order to CBI by Magistrate- Cr.P.C Section 156(3)-P. Kapur vs. S.P. Singh -Equivalent Citation-AIR 1961 SC 1117
  23. Cr.P.C Section 156(3) order after verification was set aside and directed to proceed-Blue Dart Express Ltd. Vs. The State of Maharashtra-Date of decision -Equivalent Citation- 2011(2) Crimes 46.
  24. Cr.P.C Section 156(3) order can be challenged in Revision-Yogiraj Vasantrao Surve Vs. State of Maharashtra -Equivalent Citation- 2013 ALLMR (Cri) 2059.
  25. Cr.P.C Section 156(3) Order does not amount to taking cognizance- 3 Judges Bench- R.R. Chari Vs. The State of Uttar Pradesh -Equivalent Citation-AIR 1951 SC 207.
  26. Cr.P.C Section 156(3) order in Section 193 IPC offence upheld by Kolkata HC-Basanthi Sarkar and Ors. Vs. State of West Bengal and Ors. Equivalent Citation-MANU-WB-0218-2010
  27. Cr.P.C Section 156(3) order is not taking cognizance-General Officer Commanding Vs. CBI and Anr.-Equivalent Citation-AIR 2012 SC 1890.
  28. Cr.P.C Section 156(3) orders interference by superior Courts normally be in very exceptional circumstances-Shivaji Vithalrao Bhikane Vs. Chandrasen-Equivalent Citation-2008 CriLJ 3761
  29. Petition’s Format and nomenclature is not material It can be treated as complaint-Cr.P.C Section 156(3)- Yousuf Vs. Smt. Afaq Jahan and Anr.-Equivalent Citation-2006 (1) KLJ 380   .
  30. Police need not seek permission of Magistrate to arrest accused.- Cr.P.C Section 156(3)-Laxminarayan Vishwanath Arya Vs. The State of Maharashtra through Senior Inspector of Police and Ors.-Equivalent Citation- 2008 CriLJ 1.
  31. Refusing direction for investigation and direction for verification and statements is taking cognizance- Cr.P.C Section 156(3)- Raghu Raj Singh Rousha Vs. Shivam Sundaram Promoters (P) L and Anr.- Equivalent Citation- (2009) 2 SCC 363.
  32. Sanction needed for even order under section Section 156(3) Cr.P.C- B.V. Acharya, Vs. Sri. N. Venkateshaiah-Karnataka HC- 3 August 2012- WRIT PETITION No. 14047 / 2012 (GM-RES).
  33. Simplicitor application without FIR is tenable-Cr.P.C Section 156(3)- Panchabhai Popotbhai Butani Vs. The State of Maharashtra.-Equivalent Citation-2010 Cri.L.J. 2723.
  34. Cr.P.C Section 156(3)-This section cannot be resorted to after direction to put up for verification- Pinni Co-op Housing Society and others Maruti Mathu Gaikwad and others-Bombay High Court-Date of decision-02.07.2013-CR.APPL.No. 463510.
  35. When can Magistrate Monitor investigation- Cr.P.C Section 156(3)- Sakiri Vasu Vs. State of P. and Ors. – Equivalent Citation- AIR 2008 SC 907.
  36. While passing the order the Magistrate has to apply mind- Cr.P.C Section 156(3)-Maksud Saiyed Vs. State of Gujarat and Ors.-Equivalent Citation- (2008) 5 SCC 668.
  37. Application without prior F.I.R. tenable- Cr.P.C Section 156(6)- Panchabhai Popotbhai Butani Vs. The State of Maharashtra -Equivalent Citation- 2010 CriLJ 2723.
  38. No inherent power to recall order- Cr.P.C Section 156(6)-Dharmeshbhai Vasudevbhai v. State of Gujarat– Equivalent Citation- (2009) 6 SCC 576, 2009 Cri LJ 2969.
  39. Cr.P.C 156(3) of P.C merely mean that an alleged cognizable offence should be investigated- Cr.P.C Section 156 and 397-Shivaji Vithalrao Bhikane Vs. Chandrasen Jagdevrao Deshmuk -Equivalent Citation-2008 CriLJ 376.
  40. Police officer can investigate Essential Commodities Act offence along with Section 420-Cr.P.C Section 156 (1) and 173-Pravin Chandra Mody vs. State of Andhra Pradesh-Date of decision-15 September 1964 -Equivalent Citation- AIR 1965 SC 1185, 1965 SCR (1) 269.

DISCLAIMER: The above judgments are posted for informational purpose ONLY. Printouts from this website are not admissible citation in the Court of Law. For a court admissible copy contact your advocate.

Also Read:-Important judgments on Cr.P.C. Section 101-155.

Feel free to Share this

Bhupendra Sharma

"Bhupendra Sharma is a practicing lawyer at Rajasthan High Court who completed his graduation from the University of Rajasthan. He has pursued his LLM from Acharya Nagarjuna University. He is also a degree holder in Master of Education and Master of Business Administration."