Important Judgements on Cr.P.C Section 343-396

Important Judgements on Cr.P.C Section 343-396

Important Judgements on Cr.P.C Section 343-396

  • Contempt of Court by police officer- Cr.P.C Section  345-Arun Paswan, S.I. Vs. State of Bihar and Ors. – Date of decision 12 December 2003 -Equivalent Citation-JT2003 (10) SC 459.
  • Notice should be issued before taking action- Cr.P.C Section 349 and 91-The Superintendent of Police Vs. The Judicial Magistrate Court, Cheyyar– Date of decision 7.09.2015-Equivalent Citation-IV (2015) CCR 502 (Mad.)
  • Court is competent to direct departmental action against erring officers- Cr.P.C Section 353 –Dayal Singh and Ors.Vs. State of Uttaranchal– Date of decision 3 August 2012 -Equivalent Citation-AIR 2012 SC 3046.
  • Judgment pronounced in absence of accused was upheld as he was present during the trial- Cr.P.C Section 353- Satya Narain Vs. State of Rajasthan-Equivalent Citation-1987 WLN (UC) Raj 458
  • Misquoting of the Section or misapplying the provisions has caused no prejudice Hence conviction maintained- Cr.P.C Section 353-A.T. Prakashan Vs. The Excise Inspector and Anr.-Equivalent Citation-2014 ALLMR (Cri) 1945.
  • Acquittal case, a finding need to be recorded in each acquittal case whether the lapse was innocent or blameworthy- Cr.P.C Section 354- State of Gujarat Vs. Kishanbhai Supreme– Date of decision-07.01.2014-Equivalent Citation- (2014) 5 SCC 108.
  • The person who lodges the FIR be called the Informant and not the complainant- Cr.P.C Section 354 and 154-Ganesha Vs. Sharanappa and anr. – Date of decision 19 November 2013 -Equivalent Citation-AIR 2014 SC 1198.
  • Court has to discharge its constitutional obligations and honour legislative policy by awarding appropriate sentence, that is will of people- Cr.P.C Section 354(3)-Anil @ Anthony Arikswamy Joseph Vs. State of Maharashtra– Date of decision 20 February 2014 -Equivalent Citation- (2014) 4 SCC 69        .
  • Compensation in Section 138 N.I. Act cases should include costs and loss – Cr.P.C Section 357- R. VijayanVs. Baby and Anr. – Date of decision 11 October 2011 -Equivalent Citation-AIR 2012 SC 528.
  • Every Courts Mandatory duty to consider compensation- Cr.P.C Section 357- Ankush Shivaji Gaikwad Vs. State of Maharashtra – Date of decision 3 May, 2013 -Equivalent Citation-AIR  2013 SC 2454.
  • State to compensation in Section 304A IPC where accused is unable to pay- Cr.P.C Section 357-Ram Pal Vs. T.S. Thakur and Adarsh Kumar Goes-Equivalent Citation-JT 2015 (2) SC 496.
  • Simple Imprisonment in default of compensation was justified- Cr.P.C Section 357(3)-R. MohanVs. A.K. Vijaya Kumar– Date of decision 3 July 2012 -Equivalent Citation-2012CriLJ 3953.
  • Compensation to be less than recoverable in civil court- Cr.P.C Section 357(3) –Dilip S. DhanukarVs.Kotak Mahindra Co.Ltd. and Anr. – Date of decision 10 April 2007 -Equivalent Citation-MANU-SC-8289-2007
  • Default sentence of compensation is legal- Cr.P.C Section 357(3)- K.A. Abbas H.S.A.Vs. Sabu Joseph and Anr. – Date of decision 11 May 2010 -Equivalent Citation- (2010) 6 SCC 230.
  • Court shall give reasons for denial of benefit of probation- Cr.P.C Section 361- Chandreshwar  Sharma Vs. State of Bihar – Date of decision-Equivalent Citation- (2000) 9 SCC 245,  JT 2000 (2) SC 36.
  • Cr.P.C Section 361 Mandatory to give reasons- Eliamma and Anr.Vs.State of  Karnataka – Date of decision 11 February, 2009 -Equivalent Citation- (2009) 11 SCC 42.
  • Cr.P.C Section 361 Sentence would depend on many factors- State of Punjab Vs. Prem Sagar and Ors. – Date of decision 13 May 2008 -Equivalent Citation- 2008 CriLJ 3533.
  • Cr.P.C Section 361 Special Reasons to be given for not granting probation HC increased fine to one lakh-Rupam Pralhad Bhartiya Vs. State of Maharashtra and Anr. – Date of decision 6 May 2011 -Equivalent Citation- MANU-MH-1005- 2011       .
  • Cr.P.C Section 362 High Court has no power under Section 482 to review-State of Punjab Vs. Davinder Pal Singh Bhullar and Ors– Appeal (Crl.), 753-755 of 2009, Judgment Date: Dec 07, 2011.
  • Cr.P.C Section 362 Magistrate can drop proceeding against against whom process was issued by mistake-Minu Kumari and Anr.Vs. The State of Bihar and Ors. Date of decision 12 April 2006 -Equivalent Citation-AIR 2006 SC 1937.
  • Cr.P.C Section 366 propositions to be kept in mind for determination of question of death sentence-Mohd. Chaman Vs. State (N.C.T. of Delhi) Date of decision 11.12.2000-Equivalent Citation- 2001CriLJ 725
  • Cr.P.C Section 374 Right of appeal against conviction cannot be curtailed But appellate court can impose condition for suspending sentence-Dilip S. DhanukarVs. Kotak Mahindra Co. Ltd. and Anr. Date of decision-Equivalent Citation-MANU-SC-8289-2007
  • Cr.P.C Section 374(2) Appeal lies to Sessions Court and not HC Notes-Cr.P.C Section 374(2) Appeal to High Court when lies-M/s. Pioneer Castings and another Vs. Employees State Insurance Corporation- Telangana High CourtCriminal Appeal No.367 of 2006- Decided on 23.11.2011.
  • Cr.P.C Section 378 against acquittal appeal lies to session’s court in state case to high court in complaint case- The State of Maharashtra Vs. Hanmant Prabhakar Waidande and Ors. Date of decision 17.11.2006-Equivalent Citation-MANU-MH- 0868-2006.
  • Cr.P.C Section 378 Limitation is 90 days for Appeal by complainant to HC against acquittal in Food Act case-State (Delhi Administration) Vs. Dharampal– Date of decision 19 October, 2001 -Equivalent Citation-AIR 2001 SC 2924.
  • Cr.P.C Section 381 Assistant and Additional Sessions Judges exercise jurisdiction of Sessions Court-Emperor Vs. Lakshman Chavji Narangikar– Date of decision- 3 March 1931-Equivalent Citation-AIR 1931 Bom 313, (1931) 33 BOMLR 675.
  • Cr.P.C Section 389 Appellate Court shall consider nature of allegations etc for granting bail- Kishori Lal Vs. Rupa and Ors. Date of decision 23 September, 2004 -Equivalent Citation-(2004) 7 SCC 638.
  • Cr.P.C Section 389 High court recalled its order-State of Punjab Vs. Deepak Mattu – Date of decision 18 September 2007 -Equivalent Citation-AIR 2008 SC 35.
  • Cr.P.C Section 389(1) Appellate Court shall consider nature of allegations etc for granting bail-Kishori Lal Vs. Rupa and Ors. Date of decision  23 September 2004 -Equivalent Citation-(2004) 7 SCC 638.
  • Cr.P.C Section 389(3) is applicable only when there is right to appeal-Mayuram Subramanian Srinivasan Vs. C.B.I. Date of decision 16 June, 2006 -Equivalent Citation –AIR 2006 SC 2449
  • Cr.P.C Section 394 Old Section 431 When appellant has died Appeal against fine only can be allowed to be continued but not against imprisonment-Bondada Gajapathy RaoVs. State of Andhra Pradesh– Date of decision 16 March 1964 -Equivalent Citation-AIR 1964 SC 1645, 1964 SCR (7) 251.

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Also Read:-Important Judgments on Cr.P.C Section 319-342.

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Bhupendra Sharma

"Bhupendra Sharma is a practicing lawyer at Rajasthan High Court who completed his graduation from the University of Rajasthan. He has pursued his LLM from Acharya Nagarjuna University. He is also a degree holder in Master of Education and Master of Business Administration."