42 Important judgments on Bail

42 Important judgments on Bail

42 Important judgments on Bail

Important judgments on Cr.P.C Section 437

  1. Cr.P.C Section 437 and 439 Accused again arrested for added offence-Uttamkumar Vs. The State of Maharashtra-Date of decision 26 September 2012 -Equivalent Citation-2012 BomCR (Cri) 697.
  2. Cr.P.C Section 437 and 439 After bail police added life or death section Magistrate cannot release otherwise he can additional surety- Uttamkumar Vs. The State of Maharashtra-Date of decision 26 September 2012 -Equivalent Citation- 2012 Bom C.R. (Cri) 697.
  3. Cr.P.C Section 437 and I.P.C. Section 409 JMFC has power to grant bail- Bom HC- Ambarish Rangshahi Patnigere Vs . The State Of Maharashtra-Date of decision 22 December 2011 -Equivalent Citation- 2012(1) MhLj 900.
  4. Cr.P.C Section 437 Bail cancelled accused reacted to surrender- Central Bureau of Investigation Vs. V. Vijay Sai Reddy-Date of decision 9 May 2013 -Equivalent Citation- AIR 2013 SC 2216
  5. Cr.P.C Section 437 Bail for Section 326 by Magistrate sustained, bail for Section302 cancelled- State of Maharashtra Vs. Kaushar Yasin Qureshi and another -Date of decision 03.04.1996-Equivalent Citation-1996 (2) MhLj 485.
  6. Cr.P.C Section 437 Before taking the accused into judicial custody there would be arrest- Sundeep Kumar Bafna Vs. State of Maharashtra and Anr. -Date of decision 27 March, 2014 -Equivalent Citation-2014 (4) SCALE 215.
  7. Cr.P.C Section 437 Condition not to go abroad without permission deleted Nandini Bhatnagar Vs. State Govt. of NCT of DelhiI-Date of decision 14.12.2012-Equivalent Citation- (2013) DMC 495.
  8. Cr.P.C Section 437 High Court shall not direct subordinate to decide bail application on same day Interim bail is permissible-Km.Hema Mishra Vs. State of U.P. and Ors.-Date of decision 16 January 2014 -Equivalent Citation-AIR 2014 SC 1066, (2014) 4 SCC 453.
  9. Cr.P.C Section 437 High Court should ordinarily not direct any subordinate court to decide the bail application the same day- (Smt.) Amarawati and Anr. Vs. State of U.P. -Date of decision 15 October 2004 -Equivalent Citation- 2005 (1) AWC 416, 2005 CriLJ 755, (2005) 1 UPLBEC 155.
  10. Cr.P.C Section 437 Interim Bail is Inherent Power- Sukhwant singh vs. state of Punjab -Equivalent Citation-2010 CriLJ 1435 and (2009) 7 SCC 559
  11. Cr.P.C Section 437 Magistrate can grant bail in Section 409 IPC as triable by himself held by Justice Potdar- Balasaheb Satbhai Merchant vs. The State Of Maharashtra -Date of decision 21 September 2011 -Equivalent Citation-2012 BomCR (Cri) 841.
  12. Cr.P.C Section 437 Magistrate has inherent power to cancel bail which was granted by another Magistrate for the smooth trial- Emperor Vs. Rautmal Kanumal Marwadi-Date of decision 25 August 1939 -Equivalent Citation-AIR 1940 Bom 40, (1939) 41 BOMLR 1232.
  13. Cr.P.C Section 437 Magistrate has no power of bail in life term cases held by Justice- Batta Hanuman Vishwanath Nehare Vs. State Of Maharashtra -Equivalent Citation-2001 (3) MhLj 465.
  14. Cr.P.C Section 437 Magistrate has power to grant bail in offences triable by him- PH HC- Ramji Vs. State of Punjab-Date of decision 29 November 2000 -Equivalent Citation- MANU-PH- 0150-2001.
  15. Cr.P.C Section 437 Magistrate has power to grant bail in Section 409 and 467 IPC case- Mr. Ishan Vasant Deshmukh alias Prasad Vasant Kulkarni Vs. The State of Maharashtra-Date of decision 18 October 2010 -Equivalent Citation-2011(2) MhLj 361.
  16. Cr.P.C Section 437 Magistrate has power to grant bail in sessions triable offence not punishable with life or death-Ram Bharoshi and Ors.Vs.State of U.P. and Anr-Allahabad HC-Date of decision 14.06.2004-Equivalent Citation- 2004 (3) ACR 2563.
  17. Cr.P.C Section 437 Magistrate shall not grant bail in sessions triable offence Anticipatory bail for lessor offence- Prahlad Singh Bhati vs N.C.T., Delhi -Date of decision 23 March 2001 -Equivalent Citation-AIR 2001 SC 1444 .
  18. Cr.P.C Section 437 Second Opinion -When medical reason is a ground for bail the Magistrate can call for detailed report from medical officer- Dr. Raghubir Sharan Vs. The State of Bihar-Date of decision 14 March 1963 -Equivalent Citation-AIR 1964 SC 1, 1964 SCR (2) 336.
  19. Cr.P.C Section 437 Solvency Certificate need not be insisted for always- Ganeshanan Lakshmanan and Anr. Vs. The State of Maharashtra-Date of decision 9 June 2009 -Equivalent Citation-MANU-MH-0345- 2009
  20. Cr.P.C Section 437 when medical reason is a ground for bail the Magistrate can call for detailed report from medical officer- Dr. Raghubir Sharan Vs. The State of Bihar-Date of decision14 March 1963 -Equivalent Citation-AIR 1964 SC 1, 1964 SCR (2) 336.
  21. Cr.P.C Section 437(1)(i) attracted even if the law prescribes death or imprisonment for life as the maximum- Santosh Bhaurao Raut Vs. State of Maharashtra-Date of decision 26 July 1988 -Equivalent Citation-1989 MhLJ 162, 1989 (1) BomCR 119.
  22. Cr.P.C Section 437(6) Trial commences when the matter is posted for evidence Cr.P.C. Section 437A-Union of India and others Vs. Major General Madan Lal Yadav– Allahabad HC- Date of decision 22 March 1996 -Equivalent Citation-AIR 1996 SC 1340, 1996 SCC (4) 127.
  23. Cr.P.C Section 437A and 390 Accused even after acquittal can be detained for not furnishing surety- Balkrishna Mahadev Lad Vs. State of Maharashtra-Date of decision 29 February, 2012 -Equivalent Citation-2012 BomCR (Cri) 300.

Important judgments on Cr.P.C Section 438

  1. Cr.P.C Section 438 Anticipatory bail continues till cancellation or trial is over- Asaram Sitaram Padole Vs. Yadaorao Raghobaji Hatwar and Ors. -Date of decision 09.07.1991-Equivalent Citation-1991 (93) BOMLR 994.
  2. Cr.P.C Section 438 Anticipatory bail refused in while collored crimes of cheating in numerous states- Narinderjit Singh Sahni and anr. vs. Union of India and ors-Date of decision 12 October 2001 -Equivalent Citation- (2002) 2 SCC 210.
  3. Cr.P.C Section 438 Application to be heard by the High Court having jurisdiction over the place of offence with notice to that- State of Assam and Anr.Vs. Dr. Brojen Gogol and Ors. -Date of decision Oct-24-1997 -Equivalent Citation-AIR 1997 SC 4101.
  4. Cr.P.C Section 438 Interim Bail -Grant of regular bail includes power to grant interim bail pending main application-Mukesh Kishanpuria Vs. State of West Bengal -Date of decision 3 May 2010 -Equivalent Citation-2010 (4) SCALE 649.
  5. Cr.P.C Section 438 Jurisdiction lies with the court having local jurisdiction- Harjit Singh Vs. Union of India (UOI) and Ors-Date of decision 16 May, 1994 -Equivalent Citation-1994 CriLJ 3134.
  6. Cr.P.C Section 438 Jurisdiction lies with the court where offence took place- Dr. Pradeep Kumar Soni Vs. State of Madhya Pradesh-Date of decision 13 March, 1990 -Equivalent Citation-1990 CriLJ 2055
  7. Cr.P.C Section 438 Jurisdiction-Application to be heard by the High Court having jurisdiction over the place of offence with notice to that State- State of Assam and Anr. Vs. Dr. Brojen Gogol and Ors. -Date of decision Oct-24-1997 -Equivalent Citation-AIR 1997 SC 4101.
  8. Cr.P.C Section 438 When can anticipatory bail granted is explained- Shri Gurbaksh Singh Sibbia and Ors. Vs. State of Punjab-Date of decision 9 April, 1980 -Equivalent Citation-AIR 1980 SC 1632, 1980 SCR (3) 383.

Important judgments on Cr.P.C Section 439

  1. Cr.P.C Section 439 Appearance of accused before the Court amounts to custody- Niranjan Singh & Anr vs Prabhakar Rajaram Kharote & Ors. -Date of decision 10 March, 1980 -Equivalent Citation-AIR 1980 SC 785, 1980 SCR (3) 15.
  2. Cr.P.C Section 439 Factors to be considered for bail are discussed- Anwari BegumVs. Sher Mohammad and Anr. -Date of decision 19 September 2005 -Equivalent Citation-AIR 2005 SC 3530.
  3. Cr.P.C Section 439 Interim bail can be granted on the same day-Amarawati and Anr. (Smt.) Vs. State of U.P. -Date of decision 15 October 2004 -Equivalent Citation-2005 (1) AWC 416, 2005 CriLJ 755, (2005) 1 UPLBEC 155.
  4. Cr.P.C Section 439 Parity ground is not absolute Antecedents of applicant may warrant rejection of bail-Neeru Yadav Vs. State of U.P. -Date of decision 5 December 2014 -Equivalent Citation-2014 (14) SCALE 59.
  5. Cr.P.C Section 439 submitting to the Court also amounts to custody-Rajaram Kharote & ors -Date of decision 10 March, 1980-Equivalent Citation- 1980 AIR 785, 1980 SCR (3) 15.
  6. Cr.P.C Section 439 Surrender before Sessions Court and bail application- Sundeep Kumar Bafna Vs. State of Maharashtra and Anr. -Date of decision 27 March, 2014 -Equivalent Citation-MANU-SC-0239- 2014.
  7. Cr.P.C Section 439(2) Bail obtained by fraud- Jai KrishanVs.The State of Punjab and Others-Date of decision 26.11.2009-Equivalent Citation-2010 (1) RCR (Criminal) 249 Punjab.
  8. Cr.P.C Section 439(2) Bail when to cancel-Dinesh M N (S P) vs State Of Gujarat -SC-Date of decision 28 April, 2008- Appeal (crl.)  739 of 2008. Equivalent Citation (2008) 5 SCC 66.
  9. Cr.P.C Section 439(2) Cancellation of bail justified- Puran, Shekhar And Anr vs Rambilas & Anr., State Of … Supreme Court- Date of decision 3 May 2001- Appeal (crl.) 599 of  2001, Appeal (crl.) 600 of 2001.
  10. Cr.P.C Section 439(2) When can the bail be cancelled-Dr Narendra K Amin vs State Of Gujarat And Anr -Supreme Court- Date of decision 28 April 2008- Appeal (crl.) 740 of 2008.
  11. Cr.P.C Section 439(2) Bail can be cancelled on allegation of tampering- State (Delhi Administration) Vs. Sanjay Gandhi-Date of decision 5 May 1978 -Equivalent Citation-AIR 1978 SC 961, 1978 SCR (3) 950.

Also Read:-Important Judgments on Cr.P.C Section 397-437.

Feel free to Share this

Bhupendra Sharma

"Bhupendra Sharma is a practicing lawyer at Rajasthan High Court who completed his graduation from the University of Rajasthan. He has pursued his LLM from Acharya Nagarjuna University. He is also a degree holder in Master of Education and Master of Business Administration."